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Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes or Juvenile diabetes

Type 1 diabetes or Juvenile diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no Insulin. Type 1 diabetes is also known as Insulin-dependent diabetes. It mostly affects, children and young adults thus also known as Juvenile diabetes. But it can develop at any age.

How Type 1 diabetes develops?
     Type 1 diabetes develops when our pancreas stops producing beta cells, which makes the hormone Insulin. This happens when our immune system responds to the beta cells as a foreign body and destroys them. Insulin helps the glucose to get into our cells, where cells use it as fuel for energy. In Type 1 diabetes this process doesn't occur, as there is no Insulin to transfer the glucose to our cells. Resulting in high glucose/sugar in the blood and no food for cells.

- Feeling very thirsty
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Feeling tired
- Having blurry eyesight
- Excessive hunger

How to diagnose?
   Only a blood test can show if you have diabetes or not. Your healthcare provider will ask you for the necessary tests required for the diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, i.e., A1C  

- One of the 1st treatment for Type 1 diabetes is taking Insulin. You may need to take Insulin for rest of your life. 
- Frequent monitoring of the blood glucose/sugar level.
- Diet management, i.e., counting your carbohydrate, sugar intake, fruits with high sugar content, etc.
- Taking healthy food.
- Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
- Discussing your medications and diet management with your healthcare provider.

*Disclaimer- This article is written to provide only information and general idea.
This article should not be used, to diagnose or treat any medical condition.
Please consult your healthcare provider before any diagnosis, treatment or medication.   


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