Thursday, April 20, 2017

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, also known as the adult onset diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes the glucose. In type 2 diabetes the body is unable to use the insulin properly or in other words pancreas make insulin but the cells don't use them, thus known to be insulin resistance. As the body is able to produce insulin but can't use it, type 2 diabetes is also known as Non-insulin dependent diabetes.

How type 2 diabetes develops?
As we know that pancreas makes Insulin. This insulin then helps the glucose (gives us energy) to get into our cells (building blocks of our body) and store it for later use (in liver). 
   When we eat food it travels to the stomach and breaks down to glucose then this glucose travels down to intestine where it is absorbed into blood stream, the insulin released from pancreas helps this glucose in blood to move into cells. Now in Type 2 diabetes pancreas produces Insulin, but insulin is unable to send the glucose from the blood to the cells, thus sugar builds up in the blood resulting in high blood sugar level. 

This may happen because of few reasons, and they are-
1. Bad communication between cells- Where cells don't send messages correctly, so body doesn't know how to produce, use and maintain the glucose and insulin.
2. More amount of glucose from liver-  As we know that excess glucose is stored in liver for emergency use, if liver is unable to store this glucose then, it releases more and more glucose resulting in increased blood glucose level.
3. Amount of beta cell released from body- If the insulin sent out is of wrong amount or sent in the wrong time then it can affect the glucose level.
4. Genes- studies show different bits of DNA can affect how body makes insulin.
5. Obesity- Being obese can cause insulin resistance, especially when there is extra fat arond the waist.

Diagnosis
Blood test is the most accurate test to show if one has diabetes or not. Doctor will ask for necessary blood test.

Symptoms- Can be really mild.
1. Frequent urination (Polyuria)
2. Drinking lot of water (Polydipsia)
3. Excess hunger (Polyphagia)
4. Blurry vision
5. Feeling lethargy
6. Joint pain
7. Acanthosis nigricans- Dark rashes around neck and armpits

Who are at higher risk for Type 2 Diabetes
1. People of age 45 or older
2. Family member with diabetes i.e; parents, grandparents.
3. People with Prediabetes
4. Woman having gestational diabetes (pregnancy diabetes)
5. Heart disease
6. High triglycerides
7. Over weight or obese
8. High blood pressure
9. Smoking
10. Stress and Depression

Complications- High blood sugar level for a long time can cause complications like
1. Cardiovascular diseases
2. Kidney disease
3. Indigestion
4. Problem with eyes
5. Difficulties during pregnancy

Treatment-
1. Medication- Take medicines or insulin in time.
2. Frequently monitoring the blood glucose level.
3. Maintain a balanced diet.
4. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy life style.
5. Discussing about your diet and medications with your healthcare provider.







*Disclaimer- This article is written to provide only information and general idea.
This article should not be used, to diagnose or treat any medical condition.
Please consult your healthcare provider before any diagnosis, treatment or medication.

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