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Pre-diabetes and Gestational diabetes

Pre-diabetes


What is Prediabetes?
         Prediabetes or also known as Borderline diabetes is a medical condition in which the blood sugar level of the body is not so high to be proper diabetes or type 2 diabetes. This can be an alarm to alert you that you are on the path to diabetes and it's not too late to control it.

What happens?
          When you have prediabetes, the pancreas produces little insulin, so after you have a big meal the insulin released are not enough to get the glucose into the cells. Thus your body doesn't respond to insulin appropriately.

Diagnosis
        Only a blood test can show if you have Prediabetes or not. Your healthcare provider will ask you for the necessary tests required for the diagnosis of Prediabetes.

How to know if you have Prediabetes / Symptoms? 
         It is tough to know if you have prediabetes, as the symptoms are mild and go unrecognized. But if you are thirsty every time, frequently going to pee and feeling tired then do talk to your healthcare provider. The best thing is to do regular check-ups, take care of your diet and get your blood test done every year or as suggested by your doctor.

Treatment
        Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the best thing to avoid all kind of diseases which includes,
1. Exercise- Regular exercise for 30-60 minutes, mild to moderate and maintain a healthy weight.
2. Balanced diet- Eat a healthy and nutritious diet including, fruits, vegetables, grains, etc. and avoid high carb food, fried food, etc.







Gestational Diabetes



What is Gestational Diabetes?

     Gestational diabetes is the condition in which there is the rise in blood sugar levels during pregnancy. This can affect women who have had no history of diabetes.

What happens?
     This can occur due to hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy.

Diagnosis
      Blood test and other necessary screening should be performed during pregnancy to diagnose Gestational diabetes.


Signs & symptoms

     It is tough to notice any signs and symptoms during pregnancy, so the necessary tests to diagnose Gestational diabetes is essential. Keep an eye on common signs and symptoms including frequent urination and increased thirst.

Treatment
     Balanced and nutritious diet and mild to moderate exercise (pregnancy exercise) can be included. But before any changes to your diet and lifestyle (especially during pregnancy) consult with your Gynaecologist for proper tests and necessary treatment.







      





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